Auditorium Dr. Tengku Azzman Mohd Shariffadeen, MIMOS Berhad, Technology Park Malaysia, Selangor, 10th July 2018
Contributor: Mohd Hasan Bin Mohd Saaid
Editor : Mastura Ishak
The public consultation on UN/CEFACT blockchain is being held as part of Malaysia’s initiative to be a key contributor in the global standardisation initiative for trade facilitation and supply chain automation under the purview of Technical Committee T/C/G 15, the Malaysian National Mirror Committee for TC 307, the ISO Committee for Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT). Currently, there are 35 countries are on the list of active participants on the TC 307 committee, while another 15 countries attend as Observer Countries. The number of participation countries continue to grow is evidence of high interest in blockchain technology for economy growth. Mr Ng Kang Siong of MIMOS, and the head of Malaysian delegation to the previous TC 307 meetings, shared the updates on the work done under the committee with the audience.
The main objective for the UN/CEFACT effort is to facilitate blockchain technology adoption in the relevant aspects, including for trade purposes, as well as safety and security. Government-led initiatives will provide better ecosystem for Malaysia’s competitiveness through readiness to connect to the global standards.
The representative from MITI shared Malaysia’s efforts on trade and business facilitation especially on trade across border and e-commerce. Trading across border is being highlight as the area to be improve for Malaysia’s competitiveness in doing business, paying particular consideration to time and cost of doing import-export. Malaysia will continue to strengthen collaboration, infrastructure, and facilities. As mentioned by Mr. Fattah Yatim, Chairman of T/C/G 15 in his speech, blockchain is the technology that hold potential in transforming next economy, quoting Klaus Schwab’s, “In the new world, it is not the big fish which eats the small fish, it’s the fast fish which eats the slow fish”.
The representative from MDEC, Mr Tan Tze Ming explained that the focus of the UN/CEFACT whitepaper was on international supply chain as in the flow of goods, funds, and data. Data include invoice, shipping notices, bills of lading, certificates of origin and import/export declarations. Underlying of this system is trust. This is where blockchain play an important role to improve trade facilities. Three different aspect blockchain can be consider as;
- Smart contact platform
- Electronic notary, and
- Decentralise process coordinator
Integration with other technologies, e.g. IoT, is where global standard become important. This concept paper focuses on building the overarching framework to manage trade facilitation data with the help of blockchain technology, however, the implementation of blockchain itself will not be address. It also recognises related technologies such as shared platform based with API’s enabling integration, extensibility, interoperability and functionality of Internet of Things (IoTs).
The MDEC Digital Free Trade Zone (DFTZ) team opined that the guiding principles underpinning the development of technical application of blockchain in the UN/CEFACT proposal is in line with the targeted development under DFTZ for trade facilitation.
In the public feedback session, Ms. Mastura Ishak, Programme Director of Blockchain MIGHT facilitated the technical discussion and amendment of the draft white paper to be summitted to the UN/CEFACT.
In conclusion, collaborative effort between government, industry and public are needed to expedite the adoption of blockchain technology to benefit the country, particularly the industries. The UN/CEFACT Blockchain White Paper serves as the early platform in understanding the general requirements for global adoption. Whilst the expected framework developed at this level would lean towards voluntary adoption, at individual country’s level, further discussions will be needed to transform it into working mandatory requirements that would enable monitoring by the instituting entities.